Organic Farming

Australia has more land under certified organic management than any other country. There is more than 20 million hectares in Australia either certified fully organic or in-conversion. This is approximately 40% of the world’s certified organic farm and grazing land. Most of Australia’s certified organic land is in the rangelands and pastoral country, and is used for grazing livestock.

There are over 3,000 certified organic operations in Australia. About two-thirds are primary producers (farmers, graziers, apiarists, foresters, and wild harvesters), about a quarter are processors and manufacturers, and the remainder are handlers (retailers, wholesalers, importers, transport and storage).

Organic Facts

Australia’s organic industry is worth over AU$1.7 billion and is growing every year. The top organic sector in terms of dollar value is dairy, followed by meat, and fruit and vegetables.

The sector with the most certified organic farmers in Australia is fruit growing, followed by vegetables, beef, grain crops (cereals and pulses), nut crops and lamb. However, there are organic producers growing every type of farm produce including dairy, oil crops, honey, eggs, and poultry.

Australian organic produce is exported all over the world. The top destinations are the USA, Europe, East Asia and South-east Asia. The top produce types exported include beef, processed products, seed and cereal products, fresh and dried fruit and vegetables, soy products, wine, and dairy.

All Australian produce exported as ‘organic’ must be certified by one of the six certifying organizations accredited by the Australian Government. Exported produce must comply with the National Standard for Organic and BioDynamic Produce.

Organic farming is a worldwide movement said to have come out of a series of lectures given by Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner in 1924. Australia was a ‘fast follower’ and the first recorded follower of Steiner’s ideas in Australia was Ernesto Genoni of Dalmore, Victoria, in 1928.


Australia had one of the world’s first organic farming societies – the Australian Organic Farming and Gardening Society (AOFGS) which was founded in 1944 and published its own journal from 1946 to 1954.

There is much room for growth in organic farming in Australia. Certified organics accounts for only one to two percent of Australian agriculture by value, land area and numbers of farmers.

Australian Certified Organic

Australian Certified Organic is the largest and most recognised organic certification body in Australia.

Host to over 2,000 certified organic businesses, the ACO Bud logo is affixed on over 80% of certified organic products sold in Australia. To ensure ongoing integrity of our Bud logo, we conduct almost 20,000 compliance checks every single year.

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